When a nosebleed occurs, it is important for the patient to remain calm and utilize the following steps:
Pinch both side of the cartilage area of the nose. Apply moderate pressure. Sit in a chair and keep the body upright, slowly leaning forward. Before pinching the nose, use a nasal spray if a doctor recommended one to you. This may help to stop or slow the bleeding by working to shrink the blood vessels.
Once the nose is pinched, continue to do this for approximately 10 to 20 minutes.
If these measures do not resolve the bleeding, seek help from a doctor.
Other Treatment Options
When nosebleeds are a frequent occurrence, patients may require additional diagnostic testing and treatment to determine the underlying cause and control them. When it happens often, it may result in anemia, especially in those already at risk for the condition and the elderly. It might also cause people to withdrawal from going out in fear of a nosebleed happening.
To determine exactly where the bleeding originates, doctors might recommend nasal endoscopy. This allows the doctor to insert a small tube into the nose and visualize the nasal passages. They may look for issues such as septal abnormalities, inflammation, or tumors.
In addition to first aid, some patients with recurrent nosebleeds may benefit from management options, such as cauterization, packing or moisturization. Some procedures may include a type of anesthesia to ensure that the patient remains comfortable. With the packing, there are options that are absorbable, so that patients do not have to undergo a second procedure to remove it.
When all other measures fail to produce results, sphenopalatine artery ligation is something a doctor may suggest. Using endoscopic visualization, this procedure works to reduce a portion of the blood supply to the bleeding areas. This is a minimally invasive procedure.